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Criminal Law

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Criminal Law

A crime is any act or say, that it is an error of an act in defiance of a communal law threatening or imposing it. Criminal law engages trials and tribunals by the government of a person for a deed, which is considered as a crime. It includes the set of laws mentioned by Congress and state legislators dealing with any criminal doings that harms the public.

Criminal law
encloses the entire criminal procedure employed, when charging, trying, sentencing and punishing the defendants condemned with crimes, plus instructions and rules concerning the investigations, charges and trials of the suspects. The government generally imposes criminal law.

The term criminal law also encompasses the rights of an accused and the criminal process, including arrest, arraignment, grand juries, pleas, discovery, pretrial hearings, trials, jury selection, and evidence, motions, and post trial remedies. There are four theories of criminal justice punishment, deterrence, incapacitation, and rehabilitation. The main purpose of criminal law is to deter and punish the criminals and ensure social justice. The social crimes generally include murder, theft, larceny, arson, embezzlement, burglary, felony and rape. These crimes are prosecuted by either a state or federal officials, such as prosecutors or attorneys general.
Criminal Procedure deals with a defendants individual, constitution rights, which include the right to remain silent, the right to a speedy, public trial by adjudicators, the right to a competent attorney, and the defendants right to confront his or her accuser.

  • White Collar Crime : White collar crimes usually refer to a type of crime committed by business people, entrepreneurs, public officials, and professionals through deception, as opposed to street crimes which tend to involve force and violence
  • Embezzlement : Embezzlement is defined as the fraudulent conversion of property of another by a person in lawful possession of that property. Crimes of this nature generally have involved a relationship of trust and confidence, such as a mediator, fiduciary, trustee, treasurer, or attorney.
  • Extortion : Extortion has only occurred when money or property has actually changed hands as a result of the threat. The terms extortion and blackmail are terms usually used interchangeably, that is, obtaining possessions through the use of moreover oral or written threats. The threats can be of physical harm, or harm to ones reputation, livelihood, marriage, etc. The obtaining of property from another induced by wrongful use of actual or threatened force, violence, or fear, or under color of official right.
  • Felony : Felony isa serious criminal offense; specifically one punishable by death or by incarceration in a prison facility for a year or more.
  • Felony Assaults : A more serious unlawful attack by one person upon another for the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury.
  • Forgery : Forgery is defined as the altering of a false writing with intent to defraud. This is related to the crime of uttering a forged instrument, defined to be offering as genuine an instrument that may be the subject of forgery and is false with intent to defraud. Criminal falsification by making or altering an instrument with intent to defraud
  • False Pretenses : False pretense is the crime of obtaining title to the property of another by an intentional false statement of past or existing facts with intent to defraud the rightful owner.
  • Fraud : Fraud is defined as a false misrepresentation of a matter of fact which induces another person to part with some valuable thing belonging to him or to surrender a legal right. A deception deliberately practiced in order to secure unfair or unlawful gain.
  • Larceny : Larceny is taking away of tangible personal property of another by infringe with intent to permanently deny the person of his interest in the property. Larceny must involve personal property, and it must be capable of being possessed, and carried away.
  • Perjury : Perjury is a false statement made willfully and knowingly while under oath in a court proceeding and it is a Criminal offense of making false statements.

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Above Information might be usefull for all the states in US & Canada as below;

Alabama(AL), Alberta(AB), Arizona(AZ), Arkansas(AR), British Columbia(BC), California(CA), Colorado(CO), Connecticut(CT), Delaware(DE), District of Columbia(DC), Florida(FL), Georgia(GA), Hawaii(HI), Idaho(ID), Illinois(IL), Indiana(IN), Iowa(IO), Kansas(KS), Kentucky(KY), Louisiana(LA), Maine(MN), Maryland(MD), Massachusetts(MA), Michigan(MI), Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada(NV), New Hampshire(NH), New Jersey(NJ), New Mexico(NM), New York(NY), North Carolina(NC), North Dakota(ND), Ohio(OH), Oklahoma(OK), Ontario(ON), Oregon(OR), Pennsylvania(PA), Rhode Island(RI), South Carolina(SC), South Dakota(SD), Tennessee(TN), Texas(TX), Utah(UT), Vermont(VT), Virginia(VA), Washington(WA), West Virginia(WV), Wisconsin(WI), Wyoming(WY)

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